Efficacy of Locust Beans Husk Char in Heavy Metal Sequestration

Ademola Ayodeji Ajayi-Banji, Temitayo Ewemoje, Adeniyi Ajimo

Abstract


Most solid waste management schemes minimally consider low concentration biodegradable agricultural waste management, though the environmental impact of this waste category is significant over a time frame. The column-mode study seeks to address the issue by suggesting potential utilisation of post-harvest waste for heavy metal sequestering. Locust beans husk char of 100 and 200 g was employed to inspect removal efficiency, isotherm and kinetic models of some heavy metals at 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min contact time. Elemental composition of the biosorbent was investigated using the SEM-EDX machine. The results obtained depict that over 85% aluminium and nickel removal was achieved at 150 min detention time. The Freundlich isotherm well described most of the sorbates sorption (R2 ≥ 0.91). The sorption rate equally fitted into the second-order pseudo kinetic model (R2 ≥ 0.88). Ion exchange took place during the sorption. Locust beans husk has promising adsorption potential in heavy metal ions removal from fouled surface water.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.71.4.13081


Keywords


Post harvest waste, removal efficiency, isotherm, kinetic sorption, locust bean husk char (LHC)

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Print ISSN: 1392-1649
Online ISSN: 2029-2139