Morphometric Analysis and Micro-watershed Prioritization of Peruvanthanam Sub-watershed, the Manimala River Basin, Kerala, South India

  • Balan VB Rekha Research Scholar School of Environmental Science Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
  • A. V. George Research and Post Graduate Department of Geology and Environmental Sciences, Christ College, Irinjalakkuda, Thrissur, Kerala, India
  • M. Rita Department of Chemistry, K.K.T.M Govt College, Kodungallur, Thrissur, Kerala, India
Keywords: Key words, linear parameters, relief parameters, aerial parameters, Peruvanthanam sub-watershed

Abstract

Morphometric analysis is important in any hydrological investigation and it is inevitable in development and management of drainage basin. A critical evaluation and assessment of morphometric parameters and prioritization of micro-watersheds based on water holding capacity of Peruvanthanam sub-watershed have been achieved through measurement of linear, aerial and relief aspects of basins by using remote sensing and GIS techniques, and it necessitates preparation of a detailed drainage map. For prioritization, 9 micro-watersheds are delineated and parameters such as Rb, Dd, Fs,T, Lof and C are calculated separately and prioritization has been done by using the Raster calculator option of Spatial analyst. The analysis reveals that the stream order varies from 1 to 6 and the total number of stream segments of all orders counted as 347, out of which the maximum area (69.16%) is covered by 1st order streams and the minimum (0.29%) by 6th order. Lower values of Rb (linear parameters) in each order, higher values of Bh (0.90), Rh (0.07) and Rn (3.02) (relief parameters), high values of Dd (3.36), Fs (6.15), T (6.82), low values of Lof (0.14) and C (0.30) (aerial parameters) all together reveal that the sub-watershed has a complex structure, mountainous relief, high runoff and low infiltration. The maximum area is covered by high to medium prioritized zones (19.07km2) followed by low to very low (17.75km2) while a  very high to high zone is only 4.72km2.


Author Biography

Balan VB Rekha, Research Scholar School of Environmental Science Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
School of Environmental Science
Published
2011-10-14
Section
Articles