Toxicological Monitoring of a Water Supply Reservoir by Acute Assays with Daphnia Pulex

  • Carlos Daniel Ramos Contreras University of Antioquia
  • María Teresa Flórez Molina University of Antioquia
  • Jaime Alberto Palacio Baena University of Antioquia
Keywords: acute toxicity, Daphnia pulex, reservoir, La Fe

Abstract

Daphnia pulex assays (48 hours) were performed to determine acute toxicity of water samples from La Fe reservoir, Antioquia, Colombia. Eight sampling campaigns were done between March 2010 and June 2012, a period that included rainfall episodes. Samples were taken from the water column at three depths and from lotic areas. Physicochemical properties such as pH, electrical conductivity, temperature and dissolved oxygen were measured both in field and laboratory, and concentrations of dissolved iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), aluminium (Al), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr) were assessed. The overall results for the physicochemical properties remained at expected levels for natural waters with slightly higher conductivities in samples collected from bottom and some tributaries. The results of the toxicity tests showed significant mortalities in only 28% of assays. A higher mortality of Daphnia pulex was detected for tests performed during periods of higher precipitation (August 2010, February and July 2011) mainly for samples taken near the confluence of natural tributaries. No significant relationships between physicochemical variables and mortality of Daphnia pulex were found.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.71.1.9788

Author Biographies

Carlos Daniel Ramos Contreras, University of Antioquia
GAIA Research Group. Faculty of  Engineering
María Teresa Flórez Molina, University of Antioquia
GAIA Research Group. Faculty of  Engineering
Jaime Alberto Palacio Baena, University of Antioquia
GAIA Research Group. Faculty of  Engineering
Published
2015-05-05
Section
Articles