Nodularia spumigena and Its Attribute to Bloom Formation in Baltic Sea

  • Ahmad Humayan Kabir School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University
  • Abul Mandal School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde
Keywords: Nitrogen fixation, heterocyst, summer bloom, nodularin

Abstract

N. spumigena is the dominant cyanobacterial species found in Baltic Sea. It forms extensive bloom in late summer in areas of the Baltic Sea with high phosphorus concentrations and moderate salinity. Both environmental and manmade factors are involved with bloom formation. This review also elucidates the physiological and molecular aspects of nitrogen fixation, heterocyst formation and nodularin production in N. spumigena.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.59.1.992

Published
2012-03-13
Section
Articles