Eastern Podilia as a structural unit of Pan European Environmental network
Keywords:biotic and landscape diversity, structural elements of ecological network, natural reserve fund, balanced development, Eastern Podilia.
Based on scientific, methodological and practical principles and approaches, the scheme of the Eastern Podilia ecological network, which forms a part of the pan European ecological network, has been developed. Different types of its structural elements, such as key, connecting, buffer and rehabilitating territories were distinguished, their geographic confinement, area and status were determined. Typical plant groups, which are the basis for formation of biogeocenotic cover of the key territories (biocentres), were defined. The results of the research show that the ecological network of the region is formed by 24 key, 16 connecting and 60 rehabilitating territories. Currently, the number and area of buffer zones that are established around key and connecting territories is being clarified. The total area of structural elements of the ecological network of Eastern Podilia (key, connecting and rehabilitating territories) is 884087.53 hectares, which makes 33.37% of the total area of the region. It should be noted that world experience determines the biological balance of territories only if at least 60% of natural ecosystems are present. Therefore, the ecological network of the region still needs substantial improvement and scientifically grounded implementation.
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