Effect of Drinking Magnetized Water on Offensive Odour from Poultry Droppings of Broiler Chicken
Keywords:air pollution, broiler chicken, magnetized water, odour, paired t-test, poul
The study was conducted to assess the effect of drinking magnetized water (MW) on the offensive odour by the poultry droppings from the broiler chicken (BC). Poultry droppings in poultry farm normally give offensive odour around the area where poultry farm is sited. Drinking MW could improve the digestibility of feed and dryness of the poultry droppings thereby reducing the ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and offensive odour. BCs (Arbor Acres breed) were given MW. The magnetic water treatment unit comprises a 20 by 60 mm rectangular plastic pipe and 960 mm long surrounded with 12 pieces of a 10 × 25 × 50 mm neodymium magnet rated 1.5T. The treatments were MW treated for 33 s (MW1), MW treated for 66 s (MW2), MW3 was treated for 99 s and the control (non-magnetized water, NMW). A total of 80 BCs (day old) with 20 for each treatment were given MW1, MW2, MW3 or NMW and monitored for 7 weeks. Samples of poultry droppings were randomly collected at 4, 5, 6 and 7 weeks. NH3 and H2S were analyzed using standard methods. The mean concentration of NH3 for MW1 varied from 13.10 × 10-3 to 49.85 × 10-3, MW2 varied from 12.50 × 10-3 to 42.64 × 10-3, MW3 varied from 12.43 × 10-3 to 41.32 × 10-3 while the corresponding values for NMW varied from 20.30 × 10-3 to 65.13 × 10-3 mg/L. MW1, MW2 and MW3 reduced the odour by 30.65–55.73%, 52.74–62.40% and 33.42–63.31%, respectively. The effect of drinking MW was significant on the reduction of NH3 at α ≤ 0.025. MW also reduced the concentration of H2S in the poultry droppings. MW is recommended for producing broiler chicken to reduce offensive odour from the poultry farms.
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