Simulation of Cross Flow Heat Exchanger for Multi Tubes Using FLUENT 6.3.26


  • Suneela Sardar NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Shahid Raza Malik Director, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research and HOD Chemical Engineering Department



Simulation, Cross flow heat exchanger, Reynolds number, Heat transfer coefficient, Empirical relationship


In chemical engineering a lot of work is done to improve the results of the equipment to make its widespread applications be possible. Simulation is extensively used as the power of the computer is well known nowadays. Simulation is frequently used to study both real and virtual behavior. In this paper experimentation, simulation and development of mathematical models are performed. Practical experiments are made on a cross flow heat exchanger for a multi tube layout with staggered arrangement to study the rate of heat transfer. Simulation is carried out when experimental results are obtained. For designing and meshing of plate geometries GAMBIT 2.3.16 is used and then solution and analysis are accomplished on FLUENT 6.3.26. By comparing experimental and simulated results, it is found that both validate each other with minor differences. Empirical relationships have been also developed. Re and Nu relationships are developed mathematically and compared to the models found in literature concerned. The developed models are found in good agreement with theoretically available models. The future research in this regard can be done by using viscous fluids and an advanced version of the software like Cubit for designing and meshing the plate geometry.


Author Biography

Suneela Sardar, NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Lecturer at Department of Chemical Engineering