Evaluation of Green Waste Composting Possibilities
Keywords:biodegradable waste, green waste, home-composting, composting bin, compost quality indicators, probiotics, feasibility analysis, material and energy balance, Green University
In Lithuania main part of biodegradable waste (BDW) from the municipal waste (MW) stream, food waste from coffees and other catering companies are disposed of in landfills. Primary BDW sorting and / or secondary processing within the mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) equipment is planned in Waste Management Plants (WMP) in all Lithuanian regions. Lithuania has old traditions of BDW management methods, as green waste (GW) composting e.g. mulching is one of the most popular, especially in rural areas. Therefore, reinstatement of composting traditions by implementing modern composters (composting bins) in the territories of individual households is practically provided by all WMP. Composting of sorted BDW from MW stream and GW from public territories or green areas of companies is one of the useful BDW management methods, because, first of all, a new product – bio-compost is produced and used for agricultural purposes.This paper presents results of the research done in the Institute of Environmental Engineering (APINI) of Kaunas Technological University (KTU) implementing two projects: Home - composting in individual households of Tauragė region (RECO Baltic 21 Tech (RB21T) project) and Feasibility analysis of BDW management techniques in KTU (”KTU - Green University” project). This research work focuses on the green waste (garden and green food waste) composting possibilities.
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